Introduction: Classification of Fluid Machines & Devices, Application of Impulse momentum equation on flow through hydraulic machinery, Euler’s fundamental equation. Impact of jet: Introduction to hydrodynamic thrust of jet on a fixed and moving surface Hydraulic Turbines: Classification of turbines, Impulse turbines, Constructional details, Velocity triangles, Power and efficiency calculations
Reaction Turbines: Francis and Kaplan turbines, Constructional details, Velocity triangles, Power and efficiency calculations, Draft tube, Unit and specific speed, Performance characteristics, Selection of water turbines.
Centrifugal Pumps: Classifications of centrifugal pumps, Vector diagram, Work done by impellor, Efficiencies of centrifugal pumps, Specific speed, Performance characteristics. Introduction to Positive Displacement Pumps
UNIT-IV (Self Study Unit)
Other Machines: Hydraulic accumulator, Special duty pumps, Intensifier, Hydraulic press, Lift and cranes, Theory of hydraulic coupling and torque converters Water Lifting Devices: Hydraulic ram, Jet pumps, Air lift pumps.